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January 28th, 2005


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11:57 am - Hospitality
Some of you might have seen that the word for "guest" and the word for "host" come from the same PIE root. Here is the information on that root:

From The American Heritage College Dictionary, the Proto-Indo-European appendix:

ghos-ti- Stranger, guest, host; properly "someone with whom one has reciprocal duties of hospitality." 1. Basic for *ghos-ti-. a. (i) GUEST, from Old Norse gestr, guest; (ii) GASTARBEITER, from Old High German gast, guest. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *gastiz; b. HOST2, HOSTILE, from Latin hostis, enemy (< "stranger"). 2. Compound *ghos-pot-, *ghos-po(d)- "guest-master," one who symbolizes the relationship of reciprocal obligation (*pot-, master; see poti-). HOSPICE, HOSPITABLE, HOSPITAL, HOSPITALITY, HOST1, HOSTAGE, HOSTEL, HOSTLER, from Latin hospes (stem hospit-), host, guest, stranger. 3. Suffixed zero-grade form *ghs-en-wo-. XENIA, EXNO-, XENON; AXENIC, PROXENE, from Greek xenos, guest, host, stranger. [Pokorny ghosti-s 453.]
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[User Picture]
From:smithing_chick
Date:January 28th, 2005 06:07 pm (UTC)
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So does the word "ghost" also come from this root?

"Cause tht would jus put a whole different spin on it. :)
[User Picture]
From:chronarchy
Date:January 28th, 2005 06:26 pm (UTC)
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No. That's from Old English gast :) Means "spirit, breath"
[User Picture]
From:garan_du
Date:January 29th, 2005 12:28 am (UTC)
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I blame the ancient Greeks for this confusion. It's all Procrustes' fault, turning his guests into ghosts with all that long-bed, short-bed shit he pulled on travelers. ;-)

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